Current Conditions in Rural Primary and Secondary Schools

The situation in most primary and secondary schools in rural Kenya is similar, and those who have been in regions can relate. The communities erect the structures for students to go through pre-primary education to high school. The procedure is mostly accomplished via fundraisers, which we call Harambee and partly CDF (funds from the local parliamentary offices). The government provides teachers, and currently, as the new curriculum is adopted countrywide, the government has been sending textbooks for students from grades 1-3 and 7-8.

Kyalilini primary school has over 320 students ranging from PP1- class 8. Pre-education has two levels, (PP1 and PP2), and the primary school, grade 1 to grade 8. On average, each classroom has about 29-46 students all in one stream, and all students are aged between four and 15 years. Study materials are available for three principal subjects, English, Kiswahili, and Mathematics. The same condition is replicated in Kwa-Mboo Primary school, but here, the community has established a secondary school to allow all students to access secondary education.

Students in both Kyalilini and Kwa-Mboo primary share textbooks, one book per three to five students depending on the subject and class. The most affected are students in grades four and six, as the government has neglected their needs for decades. Amboseli primary school has also experienced the same and parents can only hope for the best. In addition to course-books, rural schools are in dire need of dictionaries, Kamusi, and encyclopedias. The secondary schools can also use calculators and other supporting materials for their scientific, technology, and art research.

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